Why Mozambique?

of the population lives in the coastal zone1
longest coastline in Africa2
of fish caught in Mozambique is by small-scale fishers3
of the world’s seven sea turtle species nest on its beaches4

Extending over 1,500 miles, Mozambique’s coastline sustains an economy and people dependent on fisheries for jobs and protein. Unfortunately, overfishing and destructive fishing techniques have contributed to declining fish catches and degraded ecosystems in many nearshore areas.

Climate change is expected to worsen this issue, as Mozambique’s coasts are particularly vulnerable to cyclones, storm surges and flooding.

The Fish Forever partners, working closely with the Mozambican Ministry of Fisheries, seek to catalyze more local resource management in order to transform the country’s coastal fisheries and build coastal climate resilience.

The Opportunity:

  • The Ministry of Fisheries, through its various institutes, is working to empower local communities to manage their fisheries — an area in which Rare and Environmental Defense Fund specialize.
  • In 2013, the Mozambican parliament passed a law that directs the government to prioritize rights-based management as a regulatory approach for small-scale fisheries.
  • Rare, the World Bank, and the Mozambican Ministry of Fisheries Institute for the Development of Small-Scale Fisheries have formed a partnership that will work to enhance the ability of the Ministry of Fisheries’ staff to implement Rare’s signature Pride campaigns and facilitate the development of exclusive access areas combined with fish recovery zones.
  • The Nordic Development Fund will provide financial support to help implement Fish Forever in Mozambique.

“Fish Forever offers a unique conservation opportunity where you can manage for local economies while at the same time protect food security and biodiversity.”
-Steve Gaines, Dean of the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management at University of California, Santa Barbara

In Mozambique, the Fish Forever partners are working to achieve the following results in the first five years of the program:

  • Implement 12 prototype projects that establish sustainable local management of at least 150,000 hectares through exclusive access areas and fish recovery zones.
  • Increase fish biomass and improve ecosystem health within fish recovery zones at project sites.
  • Increase food security and social benefits for coastal communities while generating more than $500,000 in additional revenue in the artisanal fishing sector.
  • Buffer against climate change impacts by enhancing the social and ecological resilience of nearshore fishing communities and their coastal habitats.


Show 4 footnotes

  1. Kenneth Strzepek et al., “Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change: Mozambique,” in Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change (EACC), World Bank Group, 2010.
  2. Coastline Lengths of the World: World by Map, accessed February 2014, http://world.bymap.org/Coastlines.html 50%
    of Mozambicans’animal protein comes from fish[3. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, “National Aquaculture Sector Overview: Mozambique,” 2014, http://www.fao.org/fishery/countrysector/naso_mozambique/en.
  3. Joss Swennenhuis, “Strengthening Community Based Fisheries Governance in Mozambique: A Roadmap Developed for IUCN,” Department for International Development, 2011.
  4. WWF. Marine protection in Mozambique web page, http://wwf.panda.org/who_we_are/wwf_offices/mozambique/wwf_mozambique__our_solutions/projects/index.cfm?uProjectID=MZ0016.